Vermilion Oil Paint

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An intense red found in historical painting since antiquity. It is opaque, has good tinting strength and smooth grained. Read more about vermilion.

Vermilion is not available due to supply issues with the pigment manufacturer. We can recommend Cadmium Red Light as an excellent substitute for vermilion.

Vermilion is an intense red found in historical oil painting since the Renaissance. It is opaque, has good tinting strength and fine grained.

Vermilion is the synthetic version of the natural mineral cinnabar. Known since ancient times in the natural form it was first synthesized in China and later introduced to Europe. Rublev Colours Vermilion Artist Oil is made using Chinese vermilion manufactured according to an ancient family recipe consisting of the "dry process" and ground in linseed oil.

Composition and Permanence

Color: Vermilion
Binder: Linseed oil
Additive(s): None
Pigment Information
Pigment: Vermilion
Pigment Classification: Synthetic inorganic
Colour Index: Pigment Red 106
Chemical Name: Mercuric(II) Sulfide Red
Chemical Formula: HgS
CAS No. 1344-48-5
Code: 508
Series: 10
Opacity: Opaque
Tinting Strength: High
Drying Rate: Slow
ASTM Lightfastness: I
Permanence: A - 2
Safety Information: DANGER! MAY BE HARMFUL IF SWALLOWED. Contains Mercuric sulfide. Avoid ingestion and skin contact. Read the SDS Sheet. Conforms to ASTM D-4236.
Proposition 65: Warning: This product contains mercury, a chemical known to the State of California to cause birth defects and other reproductive harm.

Must be used exclusively as material for the purposes of arts, crafts or hobbies, not for use by children. Utiliser uniquement aux fins suivantes comme matériaux pour les besoins d'art, d'artisanat ou passe-temps, pas pour une utilisation par les enfants.

For a detailed explanation of the terms in the table above, please visit Composition and Permanence.


Some separation of pigment and oil may occur in Rublev Colours Artist Oils and is a natural process when no wax or stabilizers are added to paint to prevent this from occurring.

All images of color swatches in this web site are only approximations of the actual color of the oil paint. We have taken every care to match the color in these pictures on calibrated color monitors to the actual color. However, because of the wide variance in color monitors the results you get may vary.

Color Swatch Note: The color swatch was created with a thick application (left side) of color and a tint (right side) made with equal parts of color and titanium white and applied on acrylic primed cotton canvas.

Drawdown Note: The image of the "drawdown" contains a pre-mixed paint film of 6 mil (0.006 inch) thickness applied to a standard test card for the purposes of examining color consistency, opacity and other qualities. The drawdowns show the color full strength (mass tone), on the left, and mixed in a 1:2 ratio with titanium white on the right. The bottom area of the drawdowns are scraped to show undertones.

Color Names
Common Names: English: vermilion
French: vermillon
German: Zinnober
Italian: vermiglio
Russian: киноварь
Spanish: bermellón
More Information
BrandRublev Colours
VendorRublev Colours
Processing TimeUsually ships the next business day.
Pigment TypeInorganic, Historical, Synthetic

California Proposition 65: This product contains a chemical known to the State of California to cause cancer and birth defects or other reproductive harm.

Hazard Pictograms

Exclamation Mark Environment
GHS07: Exclamation Mark GHS09: Environment

Signal Word: Danger

Hazard Designation

H317 May cause an allergic skin reaction.

H302 Harmful if swallowed.

H332 Harmful if inhaled.

H360 May damage fertility or the unborn child.

H373 May cause damage to organs through prolonged or repeated exposure.

H410 Very toxic to aquatic life with long lasting effects.

Safety Designation

P260 Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapors/spray.

P261 Avoid breathing dust/ fume/ gas/ mist/ vapors/ spray.

P280 Wear protective gloves/ clothing/ eye/ face protection.

P281 Use personal protective equipment as required.

P405 Store locked up.

P501 Dispose of contents/ container according to regional, national and international regulations.

EU Health Properties

EUH031: Contact with acids liberates toxic gas.

Potential Health Effects

Inhalation May be harmful if inhaled. May cause respiratory tract irritation.

Skin May be harmful if absorbed through skin. May cause skin irritation.

Eyes May cause eye irritation.

Ingestion May be harmful if swallowed.

HMIS Classification

Health Hazard: 2

Flammability: 0

Physical Hazards: 0

NFPA Rating

Health Hazard: 2

Fire: 0

Reactivity Hazard: 0

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Vermilion Oil Paint
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