Transparent Mummy Oil Paint

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A semi-transparent red with orange undertones, medium-grained, low tinting strength, and brushes "long" along the brush stroke. Learn more.

The red earth comprising Rublev Colours Transparent Mummy Artist Oil is Armenian Mummy Red Light pigment from quarries in the Lori province of northern Armenia. Transparent Mummy derives its name from the Russian word мумия, which denotes a pigment of brownish-red color similar to the nineteenth-century pigment derived from ground mummies.

Mummy brown was initially made in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries from the pitch, myrrh, and the ground-up remains of Egyptian mummies. It had good transparency in oil paint and was used for glazes, shadows, flesh tones, and shading. It fell from popularity during the nineteenth century when its composition became more generally known to artists.

The modern pigment sold as “mummy” or “mummy brown” is composed of a mixture of hematite, goethite, clay, and quartz; the hematite and goethite (generally from 20 to 60% of the content) determining its color—the more hematite, the redder the pigment—with the others being inert substances that can vary the opacity or tinting strength.

Red iron oxide or ferric oxide is the principal coloring agent in red earth, such as the Armenian Mummy Red Light. This pigment has an unusually low content of the natural mineral hematite (less than 12%) associated with larger amounts of clay and silica. The low iron oxide content makes it wonderfully transparent. It also differs from yellow iron oxides in that it does not contain water bound with iron oxide. In other words, the iron to which it owes its color is iron oxide, not iron oxide hydroxide.

Composition and Permanence

Transparent Mummy
Color:Transparent Mummy
Binder:Linseed oil
Pigment Information
Pigment:Armenian Mummy Red Light (Red Iron Oxide)
Pigment Classification:Natural inorganic
Colour Index:Pigment Red 102 (77491)
Chemical Name:Natural Iron Oxide
Chemical Formula:Fe2O3
CAS No.1309-37-1
Tinting Strength:Low
Drying Rate:Medium
ASTM Lightfastness:I
Permanence:A - Permanent
Safety Information:There are no acute or known chronic health hazards associated with the anticipated use of this product (most chemicals are not thoroughly tested for chronic toxicity). Protect yourself against potentially unknown chronic hazards of this and other chemical products by keeping them out of your body. Do this by avoiding ingestion, excessive skin contact, inhaling spraying mists, and sanding dust and vapors from heating. Conforms to ASTM D-4236

For a detailed explanation of the terms in the table above, please visit Composition and Permanence.


Some separation of pigment and oil may occur in Rublev Colours Artist Oils and is a natural process when no wax or stabilizers are added to paint to prevent this from occurring.

All images of color swatches on this website are only approximations of the actual color of the oil paint. We have taken every care to match the color in these pictures on calibrated color monitors to the actual color. However, because of the wide variance in color monitors, your results may vary.

Color Swatch Note: The color swatch was created with a thick application (left side) of color and a tint (right side) made with equal parts of color and titanium white and applied on acrylic primed cotton canvas.

Drawdown Note: The image of the “drawdown” contains a pre-mixed paint film of 6 mils (0.006 inches) thickness applied to a standard test card to examine color consistency, opacity, and other qualities. The drawdowns show the color's full strength (mass tone) on the left and mixed in a 1:2 ratio with titanium white on the right. The bottom area of the drawdowns is scraped to show undertones.

Color Names
Common Names:English: transparent mummy
French: transparent momie
German: transparent Mumie
Italian: trasparente mummia
Russian: прозрачные мумия
Spanish: momia transparente
Alternate Names:English: red ochre
French: ocre rouge
German: Ocker rot
Italian: okra rosso
Russian: охра красная
Spanish: ocre rojo
More Information
BrandRublev Colours
VendorRublev Colours
Processing TimeUsually ships the next business day.
Pigment TypeInorganic, Earth, Natural

Health and Safety

There are no acute or known chronic health hazards with the anticipated use of this product. Protect yourself against potentially known hazards by keeping it out of your body. Do this by avoiding ingestion, excessive skin contact and inhalation of dusts. Conforms to ASTM D4236.

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Transparent Mummy Oil Paint
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